Teenage schizophrenia is connected with formation of a pathological mental state in perception of environment. At first there are nervous breakdowns, tearfulness, temper tantrum and loss of strength. The first signs of teenager schizophrenia can be distinguished in the early childhood.
The main signs of malignant teenager schizophrenia are: fast forcing of negative emotions, intellect disorder with the expressed autism, mobility decrease, loss of strength and emotions. Children’s schizophrenia proceeds more severe than teenage, with emphasis on oligophrenia.
Schizophrenia is very widespread. From 5 mentally sick teenagers 1-2 are schizophrenics. Nevertheless between adult and teenage schizophrenia there are serious differences. There are some types of teenager schizophrenia.
This kind is detected in early childhood. At teenage the illness progresses. The first clinical signs are noticeable by 3 years. The child becomes flaccid, badly perceives reality, aloofness from relatives, is stubborn and irritable. Adults often thinkthat these the symptoms are features of character. Later there are an aggression and nervousness, sharp differences of mood develop. After 5 years old symptoms are more noticeable, state of the child is more unstable, there are hallucinations, speech worsens. There is an unevelopment; in spring and in autumnthere are seasonal exacerbations. There are pavor, uneasiness, distrustfulness, opacification of mindcrackpot ideas.
Develops in children older 12 years. The first symptom is temper tantrum. Teenager tells fairy tales, thinks up major feelings. Fiction is very naive. Their delirious content is connected with mental immaturity.
Schizoid psychopathy differs in excessive isolation of individual. The inner world of the schizoid is filled with the imaginations intended for self-pleasuring. Schizoid psychopaths don’t have enough intuition in communication, abilities to empathize, come into emotional contacts. They are laconic, have constant interests, are inclined to symbols, difficult theories. Their judgments about people are categorical, inclined to extremes. Because of broken contact to reality it is perceived inexact.
People with a schizoid psychopathy are biased, mistrustful, suspicious. At work they can be uncontrollable proceeding from own perceptions or monotonously active. In a number of areas where the originality of thinking is necessary, they can reach much success. The attention is selectively aimed on interesting matters. The daily divergence is combined with pushfulness in achievement of significant purposes. Sympathy and love, empathy, and patriotism are inaccessible to schizoid psychopaths. They are cold, inconsiderate, and often cruel. They have reduced need for communication. Schizoids support a formal contact to people around just if necessary. They have no need for clarification of foreign opinion. People with dissocial disorder of personality are polar opposite to schizoid.
Schizoid psychopathy is shown early. Children keep among adults, play alone, avoid noisy entertainments. Serious restraint, coldness is inherent to many of them. Child doesn’t share experiences even with parents.
At teenage isolation is more noticeable. Schizoid teenager is shipped in own interests, treats with neglect or hostility to life of other people.
There are some stages in development of alcoholism, the most frequent disorder, which should be treated both by psychiatrists and experts in narcology. Their symptoms help to estimate how the degradation of the patient is, andwhat are the odds to cure him; what will be the long-term effects at successful treatment.
The person is fond of alcoholic drinks but drinks irregularly, though sometimes doesn’t know when to stop. Having been drunk, he is often aggressive, loses self control. Next day after alcohol intake the health is satisfactory, There are memory blackouts. At the first stage usually people don’t stop drinking, as the general state of health is still satisfactory. This stage proceeds for some years, but its transition to the second stage is actually unpreventable.
The abstinence syndrome joins to symptoms of the disease. In not neglected cases the alcoholic takes alcoholic drinks just after work. When it impossible to suffer till evening, the next stage of dependence comes.
Later it is impossible to suffer even till lunch, drinking starts from morning. Alcoholism passes into a stage of dipsomania. There are social problems. Alcohol takes the main place in life. One patients drink constantly, others with some breaks, in all cases the illness progresses. At this stage patients often try to stop drinking and sometimes they manage todo it. The person feels tired, his health is undermined.
The abstinence syndrome is serious, there is a progressive alcoholic liver involvement, nervous system involvement, impotency, epilepsy attacks, psychoses, memory disorders, aphrenia. In the third stage the death rate of patients is high.
Acute ephedrone intoxication
Ephedrone ia a self-made narcotic preparation received from processing of widespread medicine of ephedrine. Usually young people use it. Ephedrone is applied intravenously, it stimulates nervous system like amphetamine.
For ephedrone intoxication general exaltation is peculiar, there is passing feeling of energy burst, garrulity, resuscitation; aspiration to monotonous entertainments becomes perceptible. Sensitivity to external stimuli increases. When intensifying exaltation there are irritability, anxiety, agitation.
Later exaltation is replaced by slackness, weakness, melancholy. Pavor, suspiciousness, crazy ideas are possible.
Regular ephedrone use effect
Drug addiction is formed quickly, in 1-2 months. The periods of the use of ephedron (some days) are characterized by sleep loss, absence of appetite. Then a brake comes in drug use when apathy, increased sleepiness and depression become perceptible.
Resistance to preparation quickly grows, frequency of use sometimes reaches 10-15 times per day. At sudden cancellation of ephedrone there is an abstinence which is shown by mental disorder: acute and prolonged depressions, general weakness. Physical and mental condition of the patient strongly degrades.
Changes of mentality during cannabis drugs use
Psychoactive agents of cannabis preparations (marihuana, hashish) are kannabinoida. When smoking there is intoxication: wooziness, slackness, euphoria. There is a dreamy expression on face. Sensitivity to stimulus increases, the perception of world around is broken. There is a sonitus. Memory worsens, the attention weakens. Behavior is often ridiculous, with garrulity, inappropriate uncontrollable laughter. Aggressive actions, sometimes apathy are possible.
At the use of high doses intoxication is strongly expressed, with crazy ideas, illusions, confusion of consciousness, exaltation, hallucinations (visual are more often). The serious delirium with disorientation is possible. Sometimes there is a pavor. Similar states can proceed within a week.
At continuous use of cannabis counter-motivational syndrome develops: apathy, passivity, depression of motives, disability to concentrate at work. Intellect decreases, memory weakens. Gradually the personality degrades, emotional instability is formed, moral and ethical principles are lost. The behavior is outranged, acts are often acocial. Sometimes there is a growing hallucinative and delirium psychosis.
Narcotic resistance growsslightly. Abstinence is defined poorly and develops after frequent application of drugs in high doses. It is shown by sleep disorders, changes of mood.
Changes of mentality at intravenous injection of opiates
At taking opiates patients with a narcomania have euphoria passing two stages.
The first develops immediately after injection of preparation. A pleasant little push is felt in the head. At most of patients “arrival” is followed by nose end, forehead, and chin itch. The person feels special pleasure, happiness, ease of thoughts, all negative passes into the background.
In the second stage there actually the condition of euphoria comes. The main experiences are: pleasure, ease, delight. All negative is removed, vital problems stop existing. The train of thoughts accelerates. There is a rest, slackness, pleasant languor, fast change of images and experiences. Dreamlike state. Outwardly patients look flaccid, retarded. Then superficial dream comes which is easily interrupted by external stimuli. After awakening the mood is dismal, there is a mental discomfort.
Consequences of a thebaic narcomania for mentality
Patients have intellectual disorders: noncriticality, poor attention, memory disorder. Patients are incapable to perform systematic work. At long withholdinf symptoms weaken, but the complete recovery doesn’t happen. At the use of self-made preparations of opium intellectual disorders are expressed more sharply. First of all memory suffers. The hypersensibility to pain is observed.
Especially strongly the personality changes. The focus of interest is narrowed, there comes emotional coarsening, lying, and absence of shame. Patients are indifferent to relatives, own health and wellbeing, become similar to each other.
The most widespread mental disorder caused by tobacco smoking is nicotine addiction – nicotinism. There is an addiction to use nicotine with the increasing frequency, in high doses. If the tobacco use stops, there is an abstinent disorder (“withdrawal pains”).
There are three stages in development of addiction:
- First stage. At first the person smokes under the influence of society, smokes at most 5 cigarettes a week. Systematic tobacco smoking means that within 24 hours 2-6 cigarettes are used. As soon as the addiction to cigarettes is developed, the first stage of dependence is formed. After smoking of cigarette it seems that mood is improved, working capacity increased. The first stage proceeds 3-5 years, to leave off smoking is still rather easily.
- Second stage. The quantity of cigarettes smoked per day is sharply enlarged, reaching several packs. Smoking becomes a vital need; patient has a desire to smoke on empty stomach (so-called morning and night smoking). Refusal of smoking conducts to a mild mental disorder: arises heaviness in the head, there is a sleep disturbance, the patient is irritable.
- Third stage. The quantity of cigarettes smoked per day doesn’t grow, even decreases. The person smokes automatically. This stage comes after 15-20 years of tobacco smoking.
The abstinence syndrome in attempt to leave off smoking is shown by giddiness, headache, annoyance, embitternment, irresistible desire to smoke on empty stomach.
But the important fact is that there are four times more insane among smokers than among healthy people.
Changes of mentality at barbiturates usage
The barbiturate addiction arises at abuse of barbamylum or etaminaly sodium. Acute barbiturate intoxication is characterized by in coordination of movements, retardation, retarded speech. Aggression, motive and sex disinhibiting are possible. Other mental disturbances are various: sleepiness, depression, euphoria, emotional instability, irritability, hostility. Sometimes there are attempts of suicide. The attention is reduced, memory is weakened.
Consequences of long barbiturates usage
Addicting to barbiturates is formed slowly, more often as a result of self-treatment of sleep disorders. At continuous use of preparations in doses exceeding therapeutic a state of dependence.
At a barbiturate addiction there is an egocentricity, character irascibility, the progressing memory impairment, sharp depression of thinking and ability to concentrate attention are indicated.
Continuous barbiturates use in high doses causes the expressed an incoordination of movements, strong depression or full loss of reflexes.
At systematic use of barbiturates tolerance grows, but less than at opiomania and other serious addictions.
The abstinence syndrome proceeds hard. At this there are time anxiety, tremor of fingers and arms, tongue and eyelids, consensual muscular convulsive twitch, the progressing weakness, sleeplessness, nausea and vomiting. When the state grows severe there are convulsive attacks, a delirium or alcoholic hallucinosis.