Mental Disorders At Nicotinism

The most widespread mental disorder caused by tobacco smoking is nicotine addiction – nicotinism. There is an addiction to use nicotine with the increasing frequency, in high doses. If the tobacco use stops, there is an abstinent disorder (“withdrawal pains”).

There are three stages in development of addiction:

- First stage. At first the person smokes under the influence of society, smokes at most 5 cigarettes a week. Systematic tobacco smoking means that within 24 hours 2-6 cigarettes are used. As soon as the addiction to cigarettes is developed, the first stage of dependence is formed. After smoking of cigarette it seems that mood is improved, working capacity increased. The first stage proceeds 3-5 years, to leave off smoking is still rather easily.

- Second stage. The quantity of cigarettes smoked per day is sharply enlarged, reaching several packs. Smoking becomes a vital need; patient has a desire to smoke on empty stomach (so-called morning and night smoking). Refusal of smoking conducts to a mild mental disorder: arises heaviness in the head, there is a sleep disturbance, the patient is irritable.

- Third stage. The quantity of cigarettes smoked per day doesn’t grow, even decreases. The person smokes automatically. This stage comes after 15-20 years of tobacco smoking.

The abstinence syndrome in attempt to leave off smoking is shown by giddiness, headache, annoyance, embitternment, irresistible desire to smoke on empty stomach.

But the important fact is that there are four times more insane among smokers than among healthy people.

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