Persecutory Delusion

Persecutory delusion is characterized by thinking disorder. It is expressed in false ideas which capture consciousness of patient. False ideas are not subjected to external correction, despite the unreality. Changed logic is at the bottom of ideas. Often persecutory delusion complex accompanies a serious mental disease (for example, schizophrenia), an alcoholic abstinence or intoxication, but can be an independent disorder.

Diagnostics

Typical symptoms of persecutory delusion:

- The patient invents a plenty of facts about the reality surrounding him.

- Gross violations of social adaptation.

- Corrective actions are not effective.

The essence of crazy ideas consists in prosecution of patient with someone from his environment, one person or group, with the hostile, negative purpose.

The delusion is expressed in various forms. If the patient in detail tells about prosecution, its purpose, start date, agents, results, such delusion possesses the high level of systematization.

Systematization of delusion gradually grows. At first there is a special condition of mentality – “crazy mood”. All environment gets special sense for patient, he feels uncertain alarm, threat. The patient expects some special moment in his life. Anxiety increases, accompanies the patient constantly. Delusion emergence subjectively facilitates his state as uncertainty starts being resolved. But for patient’s relatives the situation worsens.

Treatment

As persecutory delusion usually accompanies mental diseases, it is necessary to treat a basic disease. Psychotherapeutic methods are non-effective.

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